variety of teas in a bowls and tea cup image

5 Basic Types of Teas and How to Brew them

5 Basic Types of Teas and How to Brew them

What’s better than a perfectly brewed tea? Getting that perfect color, aroma, taste, and consistency isn’t a child’s play. Tea brewing isn’t very complicated, but it requires adherence to certain steps and precision. Don’t get all bundled up on nerves as we are here to help you out. We’ll walk you through the five most commonly relished types of tea and how to brew them.


1) Green Tea: We are sure you must have heard of this tea as being the alchemy for weight loss, which is indeed true! Green tea is very widely consumed for the plethora of benefits it offers and is very easy to brew. Have a look at the steps that go into the preparation of this healthy potion.


Step 1. Boil the water on medium flame.

Step 2. Add your green tea leaves to the boiling water.

Step 3. Let it infuse for 2-3 minutes.

Step 4. Once the color changes, strain the tea.

With these simple steps, you have your perfect cup of Green Tea.


2) Black tea: Black tea is mainly used in India for the preparation of ginger tea, or ‘adrak wali chai', which is the staple beverage of every Indian household. It is served at every tea stall, most commonly known as "tapri". It is like an energy booster for people as their mornings start with it. Brewing ginger tea is quite simple; just follow the steps given below. 


Step 1. Boil the water on a medium flame.

Step 2: Add your black tea leaves and infuse them.

Step 3: Once the color has changed, grate ginger into it and allow it to boil for a few minutes (if you like strong piquant tea, add more ginger). 

Step 4. Now, add milk and sugar to it. 

Step 5: Allow it to boil for a while.

Step 6. Once everything looks good, the color, aroma, consistency, and  taste, strain the tea and enjoy!

3) Oolong Tea: Oolong tea has recently gained a lot of popularity. It is made from the Camellia Sinensis plant. It is fermented longer than green tea but less than black tea. It contains the right amount of caffeine and is very helpful in increasing mental awareness. Nowadays, people are substituting coffee for Oolong tea due to the appropriate amount of caffeine it contains. Learn how to brew this amazing tea and become a pro at it.

Step 1: Selection of loose tea leaves
  • If the leaves are rolled into balls, put in 2 tsp (10 mL).
  • If the leaves are rolled into wiry strips, put in 1¼ to 2 Tbsp (18–30 mL).
  • If the leaves look mostly whole or broken, put in 1 to 2 Tbsp (15–30 mL).
  • If you have a kitchen scale, you can measure out 2-3 grams of tea regardless of appearance. 

Step 2: Boil the water at medium flame.

Step 3: Pour some of the boiled water over the leaves and rinse them with the help of a strainer. This step is important as it opens the cellular structure of the tea leaves and helps in removing all the impurities.

Step 4:  Now put your leaves in a cup and add boiling water to it and let it steep for 3-5 minutes.

Your delicious oolong tea is now ready to be relished.

4) White tea: It is one of the most delicate varieties of tea. The reason for this is that white tea is minimally processed. This tea is harvested before the leaves of the tea plant open completely, at the time when the buds are still covered with fine white hair, which justifies the reason for it being called white tea. Follow these simple steps and get adept at making this lovely tea.


Step 1. Boil the water on medium flame

Step 2. Add in your tea leaves and let it infuse for about 1-2 minutes.

(Remember don’t boil these leaves to much)

Step 3. Once it is infused completely, strain the tea.

Follow these 3 simple steps and get your flavorsome cup of White Tea.


5) Herbal Tea: This tea is a concoction of various herbs which are quite beneficial for you. It is regarded as a remedy for various illnesses and keeps you fit. Prepare this healthy tea by following just these few simple steps.


Step 1: Boil the water on medium flame.

Step 2. Add in your tea leaves and let them infuse for 2-3 minutes.

Step 3. Once they are completely infused, strain the tea.

By following these three simple steps you will have your herbal tea ready.


These are the five basic types of tea widely consumed these days. Make tea brewing a hassle-free process by simply following the steps mentioned for each of them. The Tea Shelf provides all these teas in different sizes and quantities. Do check them out and enjoy your relaxing cup of tea.